Return on average investment, Payback, PV & NPV

Pack & Carry is debating whether to invest in new equipment to manufacture a line of high-quality
luggage. The new equipment would cost $1,728,125, with an estimated five-year life and no salvage
value. The estimated annual operating results with the new equipment are as follows:

Revenue from sales of new luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $800,000
Expenses other than depreciation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $306,250
Depreciation (straight-line basis) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345,625 651,875
Increase in net income from the new line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $148,125

All revenue from the new luggage line and all expenses (except depreciation) will be
received or paid in cash in the same period as recognized for accounting purposes. You are
to compute the following for the investment in the new equipment to produce the new luggage
line:
a. Annual cash flows.

b. Payback period.

c. Return on average investment.

d. Total present value of the expected future annual cash inflows, discounted at an annual rate of
10 percent.

e. Net present value of the proposed investment discounted at 10 percent.

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