Poetry

Having a problem understanding the poem "Conjoined" by Judith Minty.

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...mages (smell) also act as metaphors to increase understanding.

NOTE: Minty's poem uses OLFACTORY imagery.

5. Tactile images (touch) are often metaphorical, and most readers have a large bank of tactile memories.

NOTE: Minty's poem uses TACTILE imagery.

6. Kinesthetic images (movement) are used metaphorically to increase the reader's understanding of the poem.

NOTE: Minty's poem uses KINESTHETIC imagery.

Here is a list of other common poetic devices:
Alliteration and Assonance
Alliteration is the repetition of identical consonant sounds in close proximity to one another. Assonance is the repetition of identical vowel sounds in close proximity to one another. These devices are used to aid the rhythm of the poem and to help set the tone of the poem.

EX: "His body humbled by a hair shirt" Dan Georgakas

EX: "Love alters not when it alteration finds" William Shakespeare

Allusion
Allusion is a device with which the poet makes reference to another work of literature, art, or history. This device is used to broaden the meaning of the poem. For example, in Act 5, Scene 2 of William Shakespeare's Hamlet, after Hamlet dies, Horatio says, "Good-night sweet prince / And flights of angels sing you to your rest." In the poem "And Flights of Angels Sing You to Your Rest," the line in Hamlet is alluded to not only in the title, but also in four other lines throughout the poem.

Antithesis
Antithesis is a rhetorical device of opposition. First one idea or word is established and then the opposite idea or word is expressed.

Apostrophe
Apostrophe occurs when the speaker of a poem addresses a real or imagined person who is not present or when the speaker addresses an abstraction.

EX: "Death be not proud." John Donne

Cacophony and Euphony
These two terms refer to the sound of words and not the meaning of them.

a) Cacophony refers to words containing sharp or harsh sounds.
b) Euphony refers to words containing smooth or pleasant sounds.

Caesura and Enjambement
a) Caesura is the pause that separates phrases within lines of poetry. It is usually, but not always, indicated by the use of punctuation marks.
b) Enjambement is a line of poetry that has no end punctuation and runs into the next line of poetry.

Closed and Open Forms

a) Closed form poetry uses traditional patterns of meter and rhyme. Sonnets are one type of closed form poetry.
b) Open form poetry does not use traditional patterns of rhyme and meter. Free verse is one type of open form poetry.

Connotation and Denotation

a) Connotation is the meanings that words suggest beyond their dictionary definitions.
b) Denotation is the dictionary definition of a word.

NOTE: Words/phrase may each have more than one connotation and/or denotation.

Metaphor and Simile
These devices ...