What fallacy is represented below?
The death penalty is a warning just like a lighthouse throwing its beams out to sea. We hear about shipwrecks, but we do not hear about the ships that the lighthouse guides safely on their way. We do not have proof of the number of ships it saves, but we do not ...

All items made of gold are expensive items.
Some rings are items made of gold.
Therefore, some rings are expensive items.
Is this an invalid or valid syllogism?

Some sticky substances are yucky things.
All taffy is a sticky substance.
Therefore, some taffy is a yucky thing.
Is this an invalid or valid syllogism?

Scenario:
Maria, an instructor of interpersonal skills for managers, has had three sessions with a particular organization. She was told that Neil has not been able to keep a team together for more than three months at a time. She notices that, in her workshops, he lounges with a bored expression a...

You buy a ten-gallon hat as a souvenir of a visit to Texas; only when you got home did you discover that the label states it to be only six gallon hat. By now, you were skeptical that it was even that big, and you decided to test it by trying to fill it with 6 gallons of water. The only containers y...

Madeline must have known the material for the test, because if a person knows the material, that person will always get an A, and Madeline was one of the students that got an A.

I am looking for help with Predicate and Quantitative Logic.
Provide proofs for the attached 4 problems using the 9 rules of inference, the 10 rules of replacement and Quantitative logic.
---
Provide proof s for the following four arguments using:
The 9 rules of inference; Modus Pollens (MP...

I was assigned a 7 minute oral report yesterday. I am having trouble distinguishing these two topics from one another. I plan to encompass both in my presentation on Critical Legal Theory and Critical Legal Studies.
I need to know:
1. Origin - (I think this is Marx, but I am having trouble g...

1. I'm having difficulty analyzing arguments-identifying, supplying missing premises for inductive and deductive arguments, diagramming, reconstructing and listing claims and diagramming. For eg.
Number must be either infinite or finite. But it cannot be infinite. An infinite number is neither o...

Hi,
I'm having some problems with this topic. I need to formalize the argument and state what the premises are and the conclusion. I also need to evaluate the argument to show the effectiveness of it.
Thanks for your help.
---
Here's what I think: everyone is selfish. You're always lookin...

I can understand the basic standard form of an argument when it is given to me, but when I see an argument without a second premis I dont understand it. My teacher is not very good at explaining and will not even recommend a good book for me to read to help understand. This is my last hope to unders...