Basic assumptions in Plato's Allegory of the Cave are demonstrated.

Locate and give a synopsis in an article published in the last 5 years that discusses a philosopher or a school of philosophy. What were the basic assumptions? Do these basic assumptions align with your values? If you look at your religious or spiritual views as a philosophy of life, do the basic assumptions of your views coincide with any of the non-religious schools of philosophy? How are the assumptions parallel and how are they opposed?

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...n explains this allegory as such:

"In the allegory, Plato likens people untutored in the Theory of Forms to prisoners chained in a cave, unable to turn their heads. All they can see is the wall of the cave. Behind them burns a fire. Between the fire and the prisoners there is a parapet, along which puppeteers can walk. The puppeteers, who are behind the prisoners, hold up puppets that cast shadows on the wall of the cave. The prisoners are unable to see these puppets, the real objects, that pass behind them. What the prisoners see and hear are shadows and echoes cast by objects that they do not see. Such prisoners would mistake appearance for reality. They would think the things they see on the wall (the shadows) were real; they would know nothing of the real causes of the shadows."

Cohen then further explains the theory of forms. Forms are transcendent - they are the eternal quality of property of an object. If you look at a beautiful flower for example, the 'form' that it has that can be separate from and is eternal despite the flower dying or wilting is its condition or quality of beauty. He also furthers that forms are ideas and they can only truly be discerned by the use of the mind, by investigating beyond what can be seen. Plato believes that knowledge and reason can free the mind and will allow human beings to see the true form of objects, places, people and things and see beyond one's immediate reality.

In my religion, we are taught to go beyond what is ...