Judicial Activism in relation to the Canadian Supreme Court

In recent years, the term "Judicial Activism" has been used to describe the Canadian Supreme Court's ruling on a wide variety of issues (homosexual rights, women's rights, gun control, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, etc.) What is judicial activism and why is it supported/opposed?

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... the courts have made new laws, as well as ruled others unconstitutional, based on the Charter.

Pros: Those who approve of judicial activism argue that judge-made laws have benefited minorities in society. Because judges are not answerable to the voters, they do not ...