The origins and differences of Scottish and Welsh Nationalism.

In 1997, both Scotland and Wales voted for increased independence from the central British government in London. However, while Scotland received a parliament with the power to pass laws, Wales merely received an assembly with power limited to administrative matters. Why does Scottish nationalism appear to be quite strong, while Welsh nationalism seems much weaker?

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...on is a hero both to the English and the Welsh.

Scottish Nationalism:

As mentioned earlier, Edward I brought Wales to heel in 1282, bringing the tiny nation
into England's fold and securing the southern portion of Britain. This was not the case with Scotland. Edward I did make significant inroads into Scotland and, by 1291, he controlled all of the royal castles. In 1297, Edward's hold on Scotland crumbled when his occupying forces were crushed by an army led by the great Scottish patriot; William Wallace. "After this, Wallace was hunted down and captured; tried for treason; and then hanged, drawn, and quartered. As a final indignity, his head was put on public display at London Bridge." As is often the case with martyrdom, Wallace's death galvanized the Scottish nation and allowed his political benefactor, Robert the Bruce to lead his outnumbered, outclassed forces to victory against the professional army of Edward II at Bannockburn in 1314. The heroics of Wallace and Bruce would bring to Scotland a semblance of nationalism and unity amongst the classes which would not exist elsewhere for centuries.

The formidability of Scotland stretches back to the dawn of the Age of Grace and the height of the Roman Empire. While the Romans dominated southern Britain until 400 AD, their control of Caledonia was unstable at best. Raids from Pictish and Scottish tribes were significant enough of a threat to the Romans that Hadrian's Wall and other massive fortifications were built to prevent a Caledonian incursion into "the empire's most northern outpost." During the mid 800s AD, Kenneth MacAlpin united the Picts and the Scots, thereby creating the ...