Diagnosis - Depression and Psychopaths/sociopaths

Typically depressed clients are suicidal but homicidal to a much lesser degree.

Please look up the diagnosis for psychopaths/sociopaths and compare them to the diagnosis for depression and state the similarities and differences.

© SolutionLibrary Inc. solutionlibary.com 9836dcf9d7 https://solutionlibrary.com/psychology/abnormal-psychology/diagnosis-depression-and-psychopaths-sociopaths-7fv6

Solution Preview

...ert in manipulating others by playing to their emotions. There is a shallow quality to the emotional aspect of their stories (i.e., how they felt, why they felt that way, or how others may have felt and why). The lack of emotional intelligence is the first good sign you may be dealing with a psychopath. A history of criminal behavior in which they do not seem to learn from their experience, but merely think about ways to not get caught is the second best sign.

Based on research, Robert Hare, Ph.D. developed the "The Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised, 1991, Toronto: Multi-Health Systems." These are the most highly researched and recognized characteristics of psychopathic personality and behavior.

o glibness/superficial charm
o grandiose sense of self worth
o need for stimulation/prone to boredom
o pathological lying
o conning/manipulative
o lack of remorse or guilt
o shallow emotional response
o callous/lack of empathy
o parasitic lifestyle
o poor behavioral controls
o promiscuous sexual behavior
o early behavioral problems
o lack of realistic long term goals
o impulsivity
o irresponsibility
o failure to accept responsibility for their own actions
o many short term relationships
o juvenile delinquency
o revocation of conditional release
o criminal versatility (see attached file that expands on some of these criteria)

Research clearly provides evidence to suggest that:

o there may be a genetic influence that creates a psychopathic personality (also a genetic link for depression)
o adult psychopaths do not benefit from traditional counseling therapy and may in fact offend again and sooner because of it
o the brain of a psychopath may function and process information differently from those of non-psychopaths (similar to depressed versus non-depressed person)
o less intelligent psychopaths end up in prisons (highly intelligent psychopaths can run companies)
o psychopathic behavior may have once had a strong genetic "survival of the species" value
o psychopathic personalities ...