Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

How does Maslow's hierarchy of needs relate to effective counseling?

Give a complete description of Maslow's hierarchy as you are answering this question. E.g. the hierarchy diagram gives a good "starting point" for your discussion.

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...level of self-respect, and respect from others. When these needs are satisfied, the person feels self-confident and valuable as a person in the world. When these needs are frustrated, the person feels inferior, weak, helpless and worthless.

5. Needs for Self-Actualization: When all of the foregoing needs are satisfied, then and only then are the needs for self-actualization activated. Maslow describes self-actualization as a person's need to be and do that which the person was "born to do." "A musician must make music, an artist must paint, and a poet must write." These needs make themselves felt in signs of restlessness. The person feels on edge, tense, lacking something, in short, restless. For the councilor to assess a person who is hungry, unsafe, not loved or accepted, or lacking self-esteem, it is very easy to know what the person is restless about and the related interventions, such as a self-esteem class, or using the food bank for food, or supportive counseling technique to meet the clients need for love and belonging. It is not always clear what a person wants when there is a need for self-actualization. This takes more in-depth discussing and probing (http://honolulu.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/maslow.htm)

Effective counseling must meet the client where she or his, so when a client comes into a counselor's office reporting that she or he is feeling restless or stuck in some way, the counselor can use Masloow's hierarchy of basic needs to assess the needs of the client to determine the type of intervention that is required. Types of counseling intervention strategies must be matched to the client's level of need. For example, if the client has a very low income, this may be associated with level one survival needs such stressors as malnutrition, substandard housing, and poor medical care; and rural residency may mean inaccessibility of services. Clients may ...