Research methods

Differentiate descriptive, historical, correlational, and experimental research methods.

Provide clear definitions of each.

Use examples that point out the factors that make each unique. Provide detailed literature support for your answers. I am looking for at least of 2 pages of quality work with complete references. Thank you.

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Descriptive

This is when a researcher observes a situation through their own eyes. There is no manipulation of a variable. There is no random assignment of individuals to either a control or experimental group. Therefore, it is not as scientifically sound as the experimental research method, but it does have its advantages.

In the real world, you can't always manipulate a variable inconspicuously. Obviously, in the experimental research method, the participant knows that they are part of a study. You therefore can't observe their real behavior in a natural setting. This is where descriptive method comes into play. You can observe a phenomena in a real world setting and get a direct view of what is really happening.

Two drawbacks - the researcher reports the findings from their own opinion - it is therefore speculative in nature. Since not every person observes things in the same way, there might be discrepancies. As well, the results are not statistically valid - it is not very scientific in ...