The historical development of determinism, existentialism an dualism.

the historical development of determinism, existentialism an dualism. who the main contributors were and the evolution of how each grew out of the original field of epistemology or metaphysics.

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...ntialism came about among the19th century philosophers who focused on the condition of human existence, emotions, actions, responsibilities, thoughts, and the meaning or purpose of life. Existential philosophers focused on what is subjective (i.e. beliefs and religion) as opposed to the objective (i.e. language, or science). Søren Kierkegaard is father of existentialism. He siad that the individual is solely responsible for giving his or her own life meaning and for living that life passionately and sincerely in spite despair, angst, absurdity, alienation, and boredom. Other existentialists include Saint Augustine, Heidegger, Nietzsche and ...